Ilocano People

The Ilocanos

Ilocos NorteMore than 300 thousand seedlings have been planted. Currently, 206 BROs are in duty; 83 of them have already been deployed to patrol upland forests in Solsona, Dingras, and Marcos which forests are being stripped. We need more BROs to cover more upland forests in other towns and prevent any further deforestation.

The hiring of more BROs for every town is a priority effort of Governor Imee Marcos and is in line with her goal to address and find solutions for various climate change issues in the province such as landslides and frequent droughts.

So far, Ilocos Norte is the only province in the entire Philippines with BROs, and we are still training more for future deployment.

he program of recruiting BROs is also meant for job-generating purposes; BROs are given allowances of PhP 3000 taken from the Millennium Development Goals fund of PGIN. It is also tied-up with the National Greening Program of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources which was launched in 2010.

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Cluster of colorful Fourth of July fireworksHAWAII: Enjoy one of the public fireworks displays at midnight on New Year’s Eve at the following locations: Hana below Fagan’s Cross, from a barge fronting the Grand Wailea Hotel, and the Manele Bay Hotel on Lanai.

THE WINNERS (Reuters) — Newly crowned Miss Universe (Miss America) Olivia Culpo (right), and First Runner-up (Miss Philippines) Janine Tugonon (left) both rejoice after their victories in the Miss Universe 2012 competition in Las Vegas, Nevada...Resource:

THE WINNERS (Reuters) — Newly crowned Miss Universe (Miss America) Olivia Culpo (right), and First Runner-up (Miss Philippines) Janine Tugonon (left) both rejoice after their victories in the Miss Universe 2012 competition in Las Vegas, Nevada…

MANILA, Philippines — Crowd favorite Miss Philippines Janine Tugonon settled for first runner-up as Miss USA Olivia Culpo was crowned Miss Universe 2012 in the tension-filled beauty pageant held in Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, Wednesday night (Thursday morning in Manila).

Filipinos rejoiced as the country made history with triple back-to-back honors for the country in the Miss Universe contest. In 2010, Ma. Venus Raj won fourth runner-up honors, followed by Shamcey Supsup’s third runner-up honors last year.

Tugonon, 23, of Balanga, Bataan, impressed the judges with her answer to a tweeter question during the final interview read by famed photographer Nigel Barker. “As an international ambassador, do you believe that speaking English is a prerequisite to being Miss Universe? Why or why not?”

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Even before the Spanish Colonial regime, the Ilocanos are known for their brave warriors and hardworking people. It wasn’t easy for the colonizers to conquer the Ilocano people. The native Ilocano warriors have put up tough battles with the Spaniards for land occupation. Unfortunately, the conquistadors outnumber them. Also, they have more advanced weaponry compared to the natives.

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During the mid-19th century, the Ilocanos have migrated in mass numbers out of their historical hometown to search for greener pastures in other regions in the Philippines. Most of these Ilocanos moved to more fertile lands in the Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon (which includes provinces Tarlac,  Pangasinan, and Nueva Ecija), and to Metro Manila.

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An inside joke among the Filipino community in Hawaii has been passed down from generation to generation. It goes something like this: the “luna” (overseer) in one of the sugar plantations asked a new worker whether he was a Filipino. The worker replies, “No, I’m Ilokano.” Obviously, this joke unmasks the reality of the massive migration of the Ilocanos to Hawaii and to the United States.

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The Ilocanos are known for being hardworking, appreciative, simple and determined. However, they are also known as stingy or “kuripot”. Of course, the Ilocanos being called stingy and cheap is just treated as a joke or pun among Filipinos and not as a negative regional stereotype. It is a regional characteristic that their Filipino brethren have grown to understand.

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The Ilocanos are the third largest ethnolinguistic group in the Philippines. The term “Ilocano” was derived from the words “i-“ (from) and “looc” (cove or bay), which when combined means “People of the bay”. They were also referred to as Samtoy, which is a contraction of the phrase sao mi ditoy (this is our language).

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The term Ilocano people refers to the dominant ethnic group from the northern part of the Philippines and is considered the third largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.

Six former Philippine presidents were Ilocanos. Elpidio Quirino, the country’s sixth president and the first from the Ilocos region, was a native of Caoayan, Ilocos Sur. Quirino was a lawyer by profession and a representative of his province before assuming the presidency. Ramon F. Magsaysay, the country’s seventh president, was a pure Ilocano from Castillejos, Zambales. Magsaysay, however, was not able to finish his term as he died in a plane crash four years into the presidency. His successor, Carlos P. Garcia, was born in Bohol but has parents who trace their roots to Bangued, Abra. Garcia was most known for being the proponent of the “Filipino First” policy which put a premium on everything Filipino over that of any foreign entity.

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From a hardscrabble childhood in the rough Honolulu neighborhood of Kalihi to his two terms in the governor’s mansion, Washington Place, Ben Cayetano’s story offers a riveting look at Hawaii yesterday and today: ethnic voting, Hawaiian sovereignty, Bishop Estate, the drama of 9-11 and the back-room maneuverings of politicians and business leaders. Here is a rare glimpse behind the scenes, an unflinching memoir with no punches pulled, told with warmth and candor in his own words.

“…a revealing exposure of the political sausage grinder of compromise and betrayal, loyalty and courage, fear and rage.” —U.S. Congressman Neil Abercrombie

“In my 20 years of covering the political scene, Ben Cayetano was the most impressive I ever met—an independent iconoclast, who eschewed not only the political correctness of the day but also the cronyism of local politics.” —Political reporter Robert Rees

“Cayetano explains the intricacies and convolutions of Hawaii politics better than anyone ever has. Must reading for understanding how government in the Aloha State really works.” —Political consultant Joseph Napolitan

About the Author
Benjamin J. Cayetano served as governor of Hawaii from 1994 to 2002 and was the first Filipino American elected as a United States governor. He currently lives in Honolulu with his wife, Vicky.

Source: Ben Cayetano

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Maui 4th of July 2012